Middle East

Syria’s Kurds say will not join Sochi peace talks

The Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) militia flag flies near the entrance to Afrin in the enclave of the same name, where Turkey is conducting an offensive against them (AFP)

Authorities in Syria's Kurdish autonomous region said on Sunday they would not attend peace talks in Russia in the next few days because of Turkey's offensive against the Kurdish enclave of Afrin.

"We said before that if the situation remained the same in Afrin we could not attend Sochi," regional official Fawza al-Yussef said.

Rebel-backer Turkey is one of the sponsors of the talks to be held in the Black Sea resort of Sochi on Monday and Tuesday, along with Damascus allies Russia and Iran.

Turkey's military offensive in Afrin "contradicts the principle of political dialogue," Yussef said.

Turkey on 20 January launched Operation Olive Branch against the Syrian Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) militia in Afrin, supporting Syrian opposition fighters with ground troops and air strikes.

Ankara says the YPG is a "terrorist" offshoot of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), which is proscribed as a terror group by Ankara and its Western allies.

The Sochi talks come after multiple failed rounds of UN-brokered talks to end Syria's seven-year war.

A Turkish official stated last week that around 1,600 participants were set to take part in the negotiations.

On Saturday, Syria's main opposition group, the Syrian Negotiation Commission, also said it would not attend the negotiations.

"Russia has not succeeded in promoting its conference," the opposition Syrian Negotiations Commission (SNC) said on Twitter.

"The SNC has decided not to participate at Sochi after marathon negotiations with the UN and representatives of countries involved in Syria."

The UN has stated it will take part in the negotiations, but has been keen to stress that the process should be inclusive.

"The ultimate goal of a constitutional process is to enable the Syrian people to freely and independently determine their own future in UN-supervised parliamentary and presidential elections meeting the requirements laid out in resolution 2254," said the UN special envoy for Syria, Staffan de Mistura, who will be attending Sochi.

More than 340,000 people have been killed and millions displaced since Syria's war began in 2011.

The conflict began with the brutal repression of anti-government protests, and it has since evolved into a complex war including militants and foreign powers.

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